Wildlife and Forestry Crime: Guidance Documents

Countries face growing challenges applying existing laws to protect resources including productive land, wildlife, and forestry that can continue to bring people benefits only if they are sustainably and collectively managed.

Poachers, illegal loggers, trespassers and others routinely escape justice because of loopholes in old legislation, counter-productive sentencing options, or a lack of case law that might guide fresh convictions.

This suite of new advisory documents can guide authorities and policymakers as they enact and enforce stronger laws against wildlife and forestry crime. The documents draw on the insight of experienced legal practitioners in the wildlife and environmental fields.

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Drafting Wildlife Crime Offences in Legislation

Suggested wording and structure for new wildlife crime laws, building on international guidance from CITES, which monitors trade in endangered species.

Guidance on Eyewitness Identification Evidence

Describing identification evidence, how to take evidence from eyewitnesses, conduct identification parades, and overt and covert identification procedures.

Guidance on Mutual Legal Assistance – Botswana

How other countries can apply to the Botswana authorities for assistance with cases taking place in jurisdictions outside Botswana.

Model Wildlife Crime Sentencing Guidelines

Guidance on proportionate and consistent sentencing for various wildlife and forestry crime offences, including discussions of high minimum sentencing.

Prosecution Standards and the Decision to Charge

The elements of successful prosecutions, including charging decisions, planning and preparing a case, trial conduct, and professional competencies.

Guidance on Mutual Legal Assistance – Uganda

How other countries can apply to the Uganda authorities for assistance with cases taking place in jurisdictions outside Uganda.

Conducting Court Surveys on Wildlife Crime

How to produce baseline research on wildlife crime cases, track ongoing trials, support prosecutions, and disseminate information.